Para que conozcas m谩s sobre los animales representativos del Per煤 te invitamos a visitar esta secci贸n constantemente.


Es el 煤nico animal multiprop贸sito (Carne, lana, carga, cuero y abono) que la civilizaci贸n humana haya logrado domesticar.

La llama logr贸 sobrevivir en un entorno adverso, venciendo m煤ltiples dificultades para transformarse en el m谩s fiel amigo del habitante peruano de Los Andes.

La domesticaci贸n de la llama, fue una gran proeza y un importante aporte para la humanidad.

En las comunidades andinas del Per煤, normalmente se realizan fiestas costumbristas en homenaje a nuestra bella llama. Generalmente estas fiestas se realizan en el mes de Mayo de cada a帽o. Es una fiesta t铆pica, donde se rinde un merecido homenaje a nuestra llama, por haber sido el primer animal que el hombre andino peruano Desde aquella fecha hasta la actualidad, la llama acompa帽a la vida de nuestras comunidades rurales.

De este aporte casi nadie hace referencia. Tenemos que reinvindicar a nuestra Reyna de Los Andes: La Llama.

Sepa m谩s:

  • 路 Desde sus 3 a帽os de edad es utilizada para carga
  • 路 Vive hasta los 12 a帽os
  • 路 Puede cargar entre 25 y 46 kilos
  • 路 Es el cam茅lido sudamericano de mayor altura, mide 1.50m, su peso es de 80 kg aproximadamente.
  • 路 Su esti茅rcol es un excelente fertilizante y combustible
  • 路 Posee una gran resistencia a la escasez de agua.
  • 路 Hace 8000 a帽os fue domesticada en los Andes peruanos.




Cam茅lido sudamericano parecido a la llama, pero de menor tama帽o y con m谩s lana. Su nombre viene de Paco que quiere decir rojizo en quechua. Tiene lana larga y fina en la variedad Suri, y rizada en la variedad Huacaya, para tejidos gruesos y frazadas. Vive hasta los 5000 msnm, lugares donde se alimenta de pastos duros, que los puede cortar debido a que su dentadura se renueva constantemente.

Seg煤n el investigador Flores Ochoa, el ramapasto (una variedad de uchu) es el alimento predilecto de estos animales.


Durante el per铆odo incaico se produc铆an dos tipos de ropas en base a la lana de alpaca: una tosca y com煤n que llamaban Havasca, otra delicada y fina que llamaban Cumbi. similar a la seda.

En el siglo XIX la lana de alpaca ocupaba el segundo lugar en importancia, dentro de las exportaciones, despu茅s de la lana de vicu帽a.

Actualmente la demanda por lana denominada 鈥渂aby alpaca鈥 ha aumentado considerablemente en el extranjero.En 1990 se registraron 3 037 000 alpacas frente a 1 080 000 llamas.

Sepa m谩s:

  • 路 En el Per煤 habita el 90% de la poblaci贸n mundial de alpacas.
  • 路 Puede pesar hasta 110 kg y medir casi 1 m.
  • 路 Llega a vivir hasta 20 a帽os en estado dom茅stico.



Rup铆cola peruviana

Tunqui (quechua), sunga

Esta maravillosa especie es considerada como el ave nacional del Per煤.


Su h谩bitat son los bosques de monta帽a de la regi贸n amaz贸nica, entre los 1 500 y 2 500 msnm, y se lo puede encontrar en el Santuario Hist贸rico de Machu Picchu. Su tama帽o es el de una gallina peque帽a y de plumaje escarlata, el macho, lleva en la cabeza una cresta en forma de abanico, su color es m谩s intento que el de la hembra. Su principal alimento es la fruta

El gallito de las rocas es de gran importancia para el bosque, pues dispersa las semillas de muchas especies de 谩rboles. Por tener los colores tan vistosos se lo ha definido como 鈥渃ometa de fuego鈥 y 鈥渓lamarada en vuelo鈥, construye su nido en sitios de penumbra , empleando barro y espinos, d贸nde pone solo dos huevos.

El barro de su nido mezclado con vinagre cura la sarna y la ti帽a. Se dice que los indios, antiguamente, utilizaban las plumas para realizar brujer铆as y que, si las llevaban consigo, eran invencibles en la guerra aplacando la ira del enemigo. Debido a la destrucci贸n de su h谩bitat est谩 desapareciendo r谩pidamente.

Fotos: Walter Wust-Dora Samaniego


esta muy interesante los documentos sobre la biodiversidad gracias

esta informacion me ha ayudado mucho :D

esta informacion me ha ayudado mucho :D

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Esta lectura es muy interesante. Con palabras sencillas me explican sobre el gallito de las rocas, la informacion es muy util para mis tareas. gacias.



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