Áreas Naturales Protegidas

La habitual desinformación acerca del tema ambiental hace que no seamos conscientes de las riquezas naturales que posee nuestro país, lo que nos convierte en parte de los 12 países mega diversos afines en el Mundo, junto con Brasil, Colombia, China, Costa Rica, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Kenia, México, África del Sur y Venezuela.

 

El Perú es el segundo país en América Latina y el cuarto a nivel mundial en bosques tropicales - poseemos 67.5 millones hectáreas de las cuáles 24 millones han sido declaradas aptas para las producción maderera - y otras 10.5 millones de hectáreas están en espera de reforestación. En diversidad biológica, ocupamos el segundo lugar en el mundo en aves, pues tenemos 1,736 especies de un total mundial de 9,800; el tercer lugar en mamíferos con 460 especies, el quinto lugar en reptiles con 365 especies; el tercer lugar en anfibios con 332 especies y 25,000 plantas, de las cuáles el 30% son permanentes y la lista continua.

 

QUÉ ES UN ÁREA NATURAL Y POR QUÉ ES NECESARIO PROTEGERLAS

 

La vida tal como la conocemos no sería posible sin la existencia de las Áreas Naturales, “aquellas porciones terrestres o acuáticas de la superficie del globo terráqueo, en las cuales los elementos naturales del paisaje predominan sobre los elementos introducidos por el hombre, o elementos antrópicos ”

(Coto de Caza Angolo)

La existencia de Áreas Naturales Protegidas es indispensable en una política de estado moderna que camina hacia un desarrollo sostenible. En ellas se puede promover el resguardo y conservación de los grupos humanos, especies de flora y fauna y paisajes que en ellas se encuentran. Además de todo ello, las Áreas Naturales Protegidas permiten la restauración y conservación de los bienes y servicios ambientales *, dádivas que la naturaleza nos ofrece, como son la protección del suelo, la regulación del ciclo del agua, la conservación de los ecosistemas, la belleza escénica y la absorción de dióxido de carbono entre otros.

(Parque Nacional Huascarán)

FUNCIONES DE LAS AREAS NATURALES QUE BENEFICIAN A LA HUMANIDAD

 

I. FUNCIONES REGULADORAS:

  • Regulación de la composición química de la atmósfera y de los océanos.
  • Regulación del clima.
  • Protección de cuencas.
  • Captación de agua.
  • Protección de las costas.
  • Protección contra la erosión y control de los sedimentos.
  • Fijación de energía solar y producción de biomasa.
  • Almacenamiento y reciclaje de materia orgánica, nutrientes y desechos humanos.
  • Control biológico.
  • Hábitat para especies residentes y migratorias.
  • Mantenimiento de la diversidad biológica.

(Reserva Nacional de Junín)

II. FUNCIONES DE INFORMACION:

  • Información estética.
  • Información espiritual y religiosa.
  • Información histórica.
  • Inspiración cultural y artística.

(Reserva Nacional Titicaca)

III. FUNCIONES PRODUCTIVAS:

  • Alimentación y nutrición.
  • Recursos genéticos.
  • Recursos medicinales.
  • Materia prima para ropa, etc.
  • Materia prima para construcción, fabricación, etc.
  • Bioquímicos.
  • Combustible y energía.
  • Recursos ornamentales.

(Bosque de Protección San Matías y San Carlos)

IV. FUNCIONES PORTADORAS O DE SOPORTE:

  • Habitación (pueblos indígenas y locales).
  • Cultivo( sustento).
  • Conversión de energía.
  • Recreación y turismo.
  • Protección de la naturaleza

(Santuario Nacional de Huayllay)

 JOYAS DE LA NATURALEZA

Las ANP son parte del patrimonio nacional y están legalmente protegidas a través del Sistema Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas por el Estado (SINANPE), bajo el amparo de la Ley de Áreas Naturales Protegidas (Ley 26834).

 

Divididas en 10 categorías diferentes, desde 1961 el Estado peruano ha creado hasta el momento 71 Áreas Naturales Protegidas que abarcan un total de 128 521 560.00 hectáreas, es decir, el 14,53% de nuestro territorio.

 

(Reserva Nacional de Lachay)

NUESTRO LEGADO, NUESTRA RESPONSABILIDAD

 

Todo esto nos convierte en un país privilegiado, con el potencial necesario para generar un desarrollo basado en actividades respetuosas con el medio ambiente y sostenibles en el tiempo. Pero a la vez nos otorga la responsabilidad de ser los guardianes de toda esta riqueza para que las futuras generaciones, tanto de peruanos como del resto de habitantes del planeta, puedan seguir disfrutándola indefinidamente.

 

Sólo queda poner manos a la obra y realizar un trabajo conjunto entre las organizaciones e instituciones privadas, el Estado, los gobiernos regionales y locales y sobre todo entre cada uno de nosotros, para que aprendamos a conocer y amar más nuestros tesoros naturales, pues no se protege lo que no se ama... y no se ama lo que no se conoce.

(Santuario Histótico de Machupicchu)

 Para conocer más te invitamos a que visites:

SERNAP

Lista Oficial de ANPs

Mapa Interactivo

Portal de Legislación de ANPs

Comentarios

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