Reciclaje

RECICLAJE EN EL HOGAR: CONTRIBUYENDO CON LA PROTECCI√ďN DEL MEDIO AMBIENTE

Todos los d√≠as, desde que nos levantamos hasta que dormimos, utilizamos cosas que producen residuos. Productos tan cotidianos como el papel higi√©nico, botellas de vidrio y pl√°stico, envases y envolturas, pilas, pomos y restos de comida nos convierten en una gran fabrica de basura, llegando a producir en promedio unos 300 kilos al a√Īo por persona o 400 veces el peso adulto durante toda la vida. A este tipo de basura se le conoce como Residuos S√≥lidos Urbanos (RUS). En nuestras casas y oficinas tambi√©n producimos residuos que son peligrosos para nuestra salud y medio ambiente, estos son los llamados Residuos T√≥xicos y Peligrosos (RTP), los cuales deben ser manejados de forma especial (lej√≠a, pinturas, aerosoles, disolventes, pilas,.....).

 

Una gran parte de estos residuos, tanto los RUS como los RTP, está formada por materiales que pueden ser seleccionados y transformados en materia prima recuperable para la manufactura de otros productos, lo que permite economizar grandes cantidades de dinero, tiempo y esfuerzo, y sobre todo, proteger nuestro medio ambiente, ahorrar energía y asegurar la permanencia en el tiempo de los recursos naturales.

A la recuperación de residuos para su posterior utilización se le llama RECICLAJE

 


Todos podemos comenzar a colaborar con esta labor desde nuestros hogares. Un buen inicio para ello es recoger nuestra basura de manera selectiva, esto quiere decir que debemos tener contenedores diferentes para cada tipo de desecho que produzcamos en nuestra casa u oficina. Lo ideal es que tengamos un recipiente para papeles y cart√≥n, otro para vidrios, uno para pl√°sticos, uno peque√Īo para pilas y, finalmente, uno para los desechos org√°nicos como restos de comida. Al principio puede parecer un poco inc√≥modo el tener que separar todo antes de botarlo, pero es el sacrificio de ser ordenado en nuestra vida cotidiana, lo que permitir√° a nosotros y a las generaciones futuras, tener un medio ambiente m√°s saludable y una mejor calidad de vida.

 

Casi todo lo que usamos puede ser reutilizado La reutilizaci√≥n de los productos que consumimos se puede constituir en otra gran ayuda para reducir el impacto negativo que ocasionan los desechos que producimos diariamente.. El pl√°stico, por ejemplo, se puede usar, si son envases, para mezclar productos concentrados; las bolsas sirven para transportar y almacenar cosas, tambi√©n para botar la basura en los recipientes apropiados; con algunos objetos de pl√°stico y un poco de imaginaci√≥n podemos construir con los peque√Īos de la casa juguetes y utensilios, siempre y cuando no sea t√≥xico el material que usemos.

En el hogar poseemos diversos artículos de metal como fuentes y platos, latas de conservas, tuberías, ralladores, y un sin fin de enseres que en ocasiones son difíciles de reutilizar cuando han dejado de cumplir su función. Siempre hay una persona que necesita lo que nosotros no, donemos lo que no usamos a alguien que sí lo hará, hagamos algo bueno por alguien y por nuestra tierra.

¬ŅSab√≠as que si reciclamos una tonelada de papel, le salvamos la vida a 17 √°rboles?


El papel es tal vez, el insumo que m√°s utilizamos en nuestra casa y oficina, y muchas veces, al que menos le prestamos atenci√≥n a la hora de ahorrar. Tal vez parezca muy grande la cifra, pero imagina cuantos hogares y oficinas hay en nuestro pa√≠s que consumen cientos de toneladas de esta fibra. En tu hogar o centro de trabajo o estudios puedes reducir el consumo de papel y reutilizarlo comprando papel reciclado y evitando usar papel plastificado, que no se puede reciclar; cuando hayas acumulado un gran n√ļmero de revistas d√≥nalas a alguna residencia de ancianos u otro centro ben√©fico donde puedan leerlas nuevamente; utiliza nuevamente el papel de regalo que tengas en casa; fabrica tu propio papel reciclado para trabajos art√≠sticos como m√°scaras, gorros, tapas de √°lbumes, etc.

 

Ahorrar√°s un 50% de papel si escribes o imprimes por los dos lados de una hoja.

El vidrio, inventado por los egipcios 40 siglos antes de Cristo, es tal vez el envase preferido por los consumidores, debido a su alta resistencia a la corrosión y oxidación ambiental, sin embargo es frágil y pesado. En casa puedes utilizar los envases de vidrio para conservar líquidos y otros productos comestibles, es ideal porque no retiene olores ni cambia el sabor de las comidas. Procura también comprar botellas de vidrio retornables, para que puedan ser llenadas nuevamente por el fabricante u otro distribuidor, así ahorras el comprar otro envase y cuidas tu medio ambiente. Las botellas que no vayas a usar, deposítalas en los contenedores apropiados para que sean recicladas correctamente.

Casi el 50% de la basura que producimos en el hogar es materia orgánica, en otras palabras, todo lo que se puede pudrir. Los restos de comida, vegetales y frutas, hojas y ramas de las macetas y jardín, cáscaras de huevo y restos de infusiones y demás, pueden ser usados para producir abono orgánico o compost para nuestro jardín o huerto casero.

Los desechos t√≥xicos, como pilas, pinturas y barnices, disolventes y aerosoles son dif√≠ciles de reciclar, por eso procura reducir al m√°ximo su consumo y utilizar con precauci√≥n estos productos; nunca los tires por el desag√ľe y depos√≠talos en contenedores apropiados. Algunas municipalidades de Lima cuentan con espacios especiales para residuos t√≥xicos como pilas, j√ļntalas en una bolsa y depos√≠talas. Consulta con tu autoridad local para ubicar estos puntos.

Para que tengas una idea sobre lo da√Īina que puede ser una pila para el medio ambiente, ten en cuenta lo siguiente y saca tus propias conclusiones:

 

  • 1 pila de bot√≥n de cadmio y metales pesados similares contamina 2‚Äô000,000 (dos millones) de litros de agua.
  • 1 Micro pila contamina 600,000 (seiscientos mil) litros de agua.
  • 1 Pila alcalina contamina 167,000 (ciento sesenta y siete mil) litros de agua.
  • 1 Pila de carb√≥n contamina: 3.000 (tres mil) litros de agua.

 

20 consejos r√°pidos para proteger el medio ambiente desde nuestro hogar.

 

1. Al lavar, usa el mínimo de lejía y detergente.

2. El aceite de motor usado puede reciclarse. Los talleres deben recogerlo.

3. Alrededor del 75% del agua que empleamos se utiliza en el cuarto de ba√Īo, cierra el ca√Īo mientras te jabonas.

4. No olvides que puedes lavar las bolsas de pl√°stico y reutilizarlas.

5. Elige aparatos eléctricos de bajo consumo frente a los de alto consumo.

6. Limpia el lavador de la cocina con bicarbonato de sodio y media taza de vinagre en lugar de usar detergente.

7. Descongela tu refrigeradora a menudo, 5 mm de hielo aumentan el consumo un 30%.

8. Si bajas un grado el termostato del aire acondicionado o calefacción, ahorrarás mucha energía sin notarlo.

9. Mantén abierto el refrigerador lo menos posible. El aire frió escapa fácil.

10. La más modesta de las fugas de agua puede provocar la perdida de 200 litros al día.

11. Una capa de hierba al pie del √°rbol disminuye la perdida de humedad.

12. La batería de tu auto puede ser reciclada. Quizás puedan pagarte por ella.

13. Un inodoro que pierde agua, malgasta 17,000 litros en seis meses, cuida que no tenga fugas.

14. Diez gotas de agua desperdiciadas equivalen a dos metros c√ļbicos cada a√Īo

15. Cultivar hierbas y flores silvestres alimenta a los insectos beneficiosos.

16. Fabricar papel reciclado utiliza tres 3 veces menos energía que el normal.

17. Cada tonelada de papel reciclado salva la vida de doce √°rboles.

18. Imprime tus trabajos en papel reciclado y en modo ‚Äúborrador‚ÄĚ, as√≠ ahorrar√°s papel y tinta en tu impresora.

19. Compra productos que no hayan sido cultivados con plaguicidas, tu cuerpo y el medio ambiente te lo agradecer√°n.

20. Cuando compres ropa, prefiere los tejidos y tinturas naturales

 

RECUERDA:

El 20% de la población mundial consume el 75% de la riqueza.

El 20% mas rico de la población mundial emite el 75% de la contaminación.

Si est√°s consciente de los problemas ambientales de tu ciudad, comienza a hacer algo desde tu hogar. Trabajando de a pocos y en equipo se pueden lograr grandes cosas.

¬°No te quedes con los brazos cruzados!.

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